Within the framework of the quinquennial of the UMR 8210 ANHIMA, the programme “Gender & Politics: the Ancient laboratory”, which extends the programme of the preceding quadrennial “Gender Logics in Greek and Roman Antiquity”, develops an online database on women of Greek and Roman Antiquity from the 8th century BCE to the 5th century CE. The purpose of this database is the wide circulation of the Ancient documents (texts collected from the process of manuscript transmission; papyrus; stone, metal, or ceramic inscriptions; currency; etc.) that present or even interpret the actions of the women who are named. The goal is to understand and analyze the variety of the situations and the reception of the actions of Ancient women, and thus to gain a better grasp of the complexity of social behavior. “Eurykleia: Those Women Who Had a Name,” is an international project for a database of all the Greek women identified by their names. The idea is to show that women are found in primary sources (and not as in dictionaries or encyclopedias, in the synthetic or generalizing view of a historian) and, therefore, are always results of a mise en scène. The Project seeks to collect the data document by document, considering all kind of sources: texts from the manuscript tradition, epigraphy, papyrology, graffiti on vases, etc. The goal is to compare the social and discursive practices when speaking of, identifying, considering, or describing women. The Project also aims to make room for non-dominant written traditions, those that often include women (poetry, private inscriptions, papyri, graffiti..). We expect to find women in a range of situations, “neither mute nor hidden”, exercising a variety of social functions and activities, and seen from a variety of different angles. The Eurykleia Project proceeds from questions asked of Antiquity in a gender perspective: What does gender do to women in Antiquity? In other words, what gender, understood as the social construction of women, specific to each form of writing practice, does to women as individuals?