Timokritê, an Athenian priestess, named similarly to a male citizen: a decree analysed by Marie Augier (Clio FGH 45/2017)

The review Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire has published an extensive collection of articles called “Le nom des femmes” (“Women’s names”). Edited by Agnès Fine and Christiane Klapisch-Zuber, it compiles five works on the subject of the nomination of women, the choice of first names, the politics of family names, etc., from the antiquity to our times. In one of the articles, Marie Augier (Augier 2017) treats the case of Ancient Greek priestesses, whose names were publicly inscribed on stone, generally as part of honorary decrees issued by the whole political community.

Thanks to an inscription found in situ in the sanctuary of Aglauros in Athens and dated between 247 and 245 BCE, it features the notable example of the priestess Timokritê. The inscription bears a decree from the Assembly and the Athenian People so as to honour publicly the woman who was priestess for Aglauros for a year. Timokritê is referred to by her personal name, patronymic, and demotic, while her husband’s name is not mentioned. As such, she is referred to by the same template as the one used for male citizens.


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